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Public presentation for the General Local Plan for the Municipality of Vlora, Himara, Saranda and Konispol

The public presentations was organized and developed through the period August – September 2016, whereas the project for the General Plans for each of the municipalities finalized in October 2017. The main purpose of the project is to provide the new administrative units with the appropriate strategy and instruments to respond to the challenges of territorial development and to promote a new culture of territorial planning at the local level. The main objective is: Drafting and then obtaining documentation for the overall local planning, according to the new administrative-territorial division.
These are the ones that have shown in recent years that they carry the greatest weight of development pressure due to their strategic position or natural resources in their territory. Some of the municipalities are positioned along the coastline, while others are in the depths of the country. This exercise will enable each of these municipalities the lead development document, which will have the role of the local development constitution for local land administration over the next 15 years.
Organizing an efficient and transparent process of public consultation under the new law on territorial planning 107/2014 by establishing the Planning Co-ordination Forum (FBPV) and the Local Consensus Forum, was one of the most important objectives that CRD has successfully carry out for this project. The presentations were held during the August and September 2016, explaining the characteristics of each region and the potential that the southern coastline of Albania has to promote tourism, through culture and tradition.
Vlora, the gateway to the Albanian riviera from the metropolitan centre to the smell of its costal line of the Adriatic Sea along the Ionian Sea, stands as a lively Mediterranean coastal Mediterranean town combining port, industrial functions with the agricultural economy and the range of wide range of services for the regional population and visitors, represents the favourable point of meeting with the sea, nature, culture, sports and entertainment.
Himara's long coastline with its magnificent natural landscape, the variety of beaches and hidden treasures of the cultural heritage carved between the mountain and the sea will become the necklace that will connect all the pearls of the Albanian Riviera as a unique experience.
Saranda, the capital of the southern region of "has it all" is the main destination for 12 month sun and beach tourism and gateway to international visitors from Corfu and Greece which combines the cosmopolitan tourist resort with the green shore and white beaches of Ksamil, as well as the most important treasure of the cultural heritage of the Butrint National Park. Connected with Gjirokastra and Greece forms a city that is well-integrated with the rural areas of Finiq, Delvina and Konispol.
Konispol's fertile territory is distinguished for visitors who are drawn to explore the Riviera for traditional cooking experiences, cultural heritage treasures, panoramic rural and mountain landscapes and typical villages as an organic part of the southern coastal economy and spatial connection with Greece.

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Focusing pre-school education budgets on marginalized children in Municipalities of Tirana, Korça and Shkodra

This project was assigned to CRD by UNICEF in June 2015. The project will focus in particular to the aspect of education financing aiming to ensure that budgets are sufficiently focused on the most marginalized children and their access to education especially, preschool.
Reform of pre-school education finance in Albania is absolutely necessary in order to guarantee both the required quality levels for crèches and kindergartens but also most importantly social inclusion of marginalized children in the system. One side of the problem is poor quality due to under-financing since local government units, which have the direct responsibility for that service provide very little financial support which mainly depends on direct funds provided by central government. Another side of the problem is the financing scheme itself, which is based on direct payments made by the parents to complement the limited public resources. This policy has had a negative side effect in leaving out of the system most of the children of the vulnerable families who cannot afford to pay and keep their children out of pre-school.
The proposed project aims to assess the scale of implementation of this system in the Municipality of Tirana and to propose further changes in order to meet new challenges deriving from the enlargement of the Municipality due to new Territorial Administration Reform implemented in Albania after upcoming local elections of 21st of June 2015. Government of Albania has made clear that reform will not involve simple reduction of the number of local administrative units (61 from 375), but also transformation of functions and responsibilities. Consequently it is important at this stage to redefine all areas of responsibilities towards preschool system in Albania and to consolidate the financing scheme in order to ensure quality improvement of the system and social inclusion of vulnerable kids.
Under the proposed project the best experience implemented in Tirana Municipality is foreseen to be transferred in two other new Municipalities, i.e. Korca and Shkodra. The reason for choosing these Municipalities is twofold. First CRD has substantial experience working in these localities, a fact which will guarantee smooth implementation of the project. Second and most important reason is that in both Municipalities exists a large community of Roma and consequently the kids of such community need to be further integrated to the preschool system by introducing new schema of financing.

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Promoting participatory governance in the workings of the new Municipial Councils through civil education

This project was granted to CRD from the Democracy Commission Small Grants Program in October 2015. It aims to promote participatory governance in the workings of the new Municipal Councils that will come out of the local elections of 21 June 2015. Most importantly through civil education it aims to make citizens more conscious of their rights and expectations from new political structures in responding to their needs and priorities. The project will focus on monitoring the workings of Municipal Councils of two municipalities (i.e. Durresi and Permet) throughout their first period of operation. First it will investigate how the population structure of the newly established Municipalities is represented politically in the Municipal Councils and second how the expectations of different population groups are reflected in the new local budget for 2016 fiscal year. The final goal of the project is to formulate policy recommendations on how to strengthen civil engagement and participation of various pressure groups in following up the activities of the Municipal Councils and how the Councils themselves work on the harmonization of priorities of various population groups. The method of implementation of the project will be based on surveys, focus groups, monitoring, promotion and dissemination activities.
Below you will find the most significant experiences and activities of our project:
- Face to face interviews with all groups of the population of Permet
- Face to face interviews with all groups of the population of Durres
- Face to face interviews with 20 members of the MC members of Permet
- Face to face interviews with the MC members of Durres
- Taken part at the sequential meeting concerning the fiscal package of 2016 for the Municipality of Durres
- Taken part at the sequential meeting concerning the fiscal package of 2016 for the Municipality of Permet
- Taken part at the sequential meeting concerning the budget of 2016 for the Municipality of Durres.

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Inter-Institutional Group for Environment Crime (IGEC)

The purpose of this protocol is to facilitate co-operation between permanent members of IGEC and to optimize resource use in the detection, investigation and prosecution of Environment Crime in Albania.
This protocol covers two issues, firstly the need for joint operations between IGEC Permanent Members and secondly the sharing of information and intelligence for the following purposes:
• Identification of Environment Crime
• Investigation of Environment Crime
• Prosecution of Environment Crime
• Supporting legal and statutory requirements
• Developing inter-agency strategies
• Investigating complaints or serious incidents
• Reducing risk to individuals engaged in IGEC Activities
• Monitoring and Protecting the Environment
The purpose of this protocol is:
- To provide the basis for an agreement between IGEC Permanent Members to ensure that there is a multi-agency approach to the identification, investigation and prosecution of environment crime.
- To identify the purposes for which joint operations may be necessary and when data may be shared. This document is supported by local operational policies and procedures within each IGEC Permanent Member that underpin the prerequisite for joint operations or the secure and confidential sharing of data.
- To promote and establish a consistent approach between the IGEC Permanent Members to the development and implementation of joint operations and data sharing agreements and procedures.
To establish arrangements for the sharing of large datasets between IGEC Permanent Members.

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External expertise for drafting the Italy-Albania-Montenegro IPA II Cross-border Cooperation Programme 2014-2020

This assignment for Consultant services was awarded to CRD by Euroconsultants SA in August 2014 in the framework of the project entitled “External expertise for drafting the Italy-Albania-Montenegro IPA II Cross-border Cooperation Programme 2014-2020”. It involved the following tasks and responsibilities: a) the drafting of the Territorial Analysis (TA) of the eligible area for the CBC Programme and the relevant sections of the CBC Programme referring to the thematic expertise on Environmental issues and Maritime Transport & Connectivity b) the preparation and submission of presentations of the relevant sections of the CBC Programme c) the revision, updates and resubmission of the relevant sections until final approval of the deliverable by the Managing Authority (Formez PA, on behalf of the Abruzzo Region – Direzione Affari della Presidenza, Politiche Legislative e Comunitarie, Programmazione, Servizio Cooperazione Territoriale – IPA Adriatico, Managing Authority of the 2007-2013 IPA Adriatic Cooperation Programme) d) the participation to the TF meetings in Italy, Albania or Montenegro or Brussels upon invitation by the Contractor. The contract was extended to cover also country expert reporting for Albania. It was successfully completed in October 2014.

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Policy Reporting on Local Government Territorial Administrative Reform and Urban Planning in Albania

The overall objective of the assignment undertaken from November 2013 up to November 2014 was to enhance the EU Delegation’s knowledge and understanding of developments taking place in Albania in relation to the local government and fiscal decentralization, territorial administrative reform and in view of IPA programming and SAA implementation. The assignment involved the following contributions: a) researching and analyzing for briefings and flash reporting on ad hoc basis; b) drafting monthly reports on local government, territorial administrative reform and urban planning related matters, c) provide contribution for the preparation of PAR special Group meeting on local government issues and as regard the planned seminar on the local government and urban planning in the beginning of 2014. Provide contribution for drafting of the 2014 EU Progress Report for Albania in the relevant areas.

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Lengarica Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment

The project of Lengarica undertaken in September 2013 is an assignment between CRD and Lengarica & Energy Sh.p.k which has in focus assessment of Small Hydro Power Plant of Lengarica project from the point of view of landscape and visual impacts of the site during the construction and operation phase. The project is situated in Lengarica Valley in Petran Municipality, District of Permet and it provides an assessment of the existing baseline landscape and visual conditions of the study area. CRD has analyzed the project potential impacts on the landscape and visual conditions and also taking in consideration changes caused by the operation of the HPP and modification of land use and offering feedback and recommendations for mitigation measures.

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Shared Project for Environmental Evaluation with Dynamic governance / SPEEDY

SPEEDY project is funded by the IPA Adriatic Cross Border 2007-2013, and is led by the Region of Abruzzo (Italy). CRD participates as a partner of 10 other representatives from Italy, Greece, Croatia, Serbia. The SPEEDY overall objective is to favour transnational cooperation between public administrations aiming to develop and apply an efficient environmental assessment process across Adriatic space. Synergetic action between the various neighbouring countries is linked with the consideration that common environmental problems can only be solved through coordinating interventions and sharing knowledge rather than acting on restricted territories. In particular, the above objective will be achieved through the development of SEA web platform, which aims to promote and extend knowledge and share information about SEA. The Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Directive is an important step forward in European environmental legislation, by requiring that the environmental effects of a broad range of plans and programmes have to be assessed. In order to do this, the capacity building must be strongly encouraged through targeted campaigns for the recruitment and training of SEA experts and guidance documents in particular on the interpretation of certain key concepts of the Directive. Thanks to this advanced web platform each beneficiary will be trained and will obtain in real time information on events, legislation and procedures, thus becoming part of SEA critical issues management. SEA web platform will facilitate transnational consultations on international plans and programmes according to SEA Directive, such as the New Adriatic cross-border Cooperation Programme 2014-2020. This project was successfully finished in December 2016.

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Building capacities for VET training programs under UNDP & ADA-Austria

The Project undertaken in 2011 with support from the UNDP involved providing assistance to the Minister Office at Minister of Labour in building capacities on VET training programs and preparation for developing projects under future Structural Funds.
It involves identifying possibilities for new projects and preparing fiches for new projects to be financed from IPA and other programs, brainstorming with Ministry Directors, studying future possibilities and reporting to Minister and Cabinet.

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Support of Municipality of Durresi in preparation of General Local Plan

The Project undertaken in 2012 involved supporting of the Municipality of Duress through the process of adoption and approval of the General Local Plan of the city in conformity with the requirements of the national applicable legislation on Territorial Planning.
The project activities involved adjusting the pre-existing studies of the LAMP Project according to the technical specifications of the territorial planning legislation, supporting and capacity building of Urban Planning department, organizing the public display and comments, staging of meetings with local stakeholders and municipal council as well as coordination between national and local level.

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Increasing Community Participation in Territorial Planning at Local Level

CRD won this project grant from the USA Embassy in 2012 following application for the Democracy Commission Small Grants Program. The overall aim of the project has been to strengthen local governance and public participation through territorial planning by ensuring full participation of local stakeholders, representatives of all communities and civic community in all phases of preparation of the plan. The project was implemented in the Commune of Ishem in Duress District.
It involved supporting the Commune in the preparation of data base with institutions that will participate in plan process, organization of multi-disciplinary survey, staging of a SWOT seminar with all involved parties.

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Opening of five Youth Employment Offices in Kukes, Shkodra, Fier, Elbasan and Durresi under the YES Project of UNICEF

The aim of this ongoing Project undertaken in 2010 is to set up Youth Employment Offices in the five municipalities and to offer services to youth in career guidance, preparation of CV’s and skills to be accommodated in the labour market. The scope of work involves supervising of local teams in starting up of local offices, monitoring activities and offering training for ToT Experts as well as organizing Study Tours for exchange of experience between the five cities.
Finally the scope of work involved preparation of standards for Ministry of Labour.

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Strengthening capacities of the National Territorial Planning Agency

The Project undertaken in 2010 with support of the Council of Europe under the Local Governance program of ‘Reinforcing Local and National Government Structures in Albania’ aimed at strengthening the capacities of NATP through preparing the Strategic Plan of the Agency for three years, preparation of Action Plan for 2010-11 and Job Descriptions for all staff.
The scope of work involved organizing two brainstorming workshops with heads of departments, analysis of the new Territorial Planning Law regarding responsibilities of NTPA and job descriptions for directors and reporting to CoE.

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Study of Urban Plan of Himara Area and Priorities for Tourism Development

The aim of the project is to prepare the Urban Plan for Himara Municipality which involves a zone of 20km on the Ionian Coast. The preparation of a Local Plan aims to contribute to the sustainable tourism development through supporting investments and revitalizing the local environmental and cultural assets.
The scope of work involves formulating a Vision and Territorial Development Strategy for Tourism, identifying investment projects and preparing the Urban Plan and Local Regulations based on this vision and in conformity with the requirements of the Territorial Planning Law. The preparation of the Plan follows the general studies of the “Southern Coastal Development Plan” which was developed under the Integrated Coastal Management Project of the WB, as approved by the National Territorial Council on July 2008.
CRD has worked in this project in partnership with Greek Architect and Planning Studio Thymio Papayannis and Associates. Its special role is to act as Project Manager, organization of public participation seminars and to provide technical expertise in economics and demography, environment and utilities. The Plan of Himara has been approved in the National Territorial Council in June 2012

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Support of Municipality of Lushnja in preparation of General Local Plan

The Project undertaken in 2012 involved supporting of the Municipality of Lushnja through the process of adoption and approval of the General Local Plan of the city in conformity with the requirements of the national applicable legislation on Territorial Planning. The project activities involved adjusting the pre-existing studies of the LAMP Project according to the technical specifications of the territorial planning legislation, supporting and capacity building of Urban Planning department, staging of meetings with local stakeholders and municipal council as well as coordination between national and local level and presentation of the plan in the National Territorial Council.

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Enhance stakeholder participation in setting priorities for the efficient distribution of expenditures in the budget

The aim of the Project prepared with the support of the Open Society Foundation SOROS was to improve municipal finances through increasing consciousness of local stakeholders about the importance of the budget and improving their participation in decision making processes. The project was implemented in 8 local government units of Korca District, Albania. The scope of work involved analysis of the existing situation in the eight communes through field work and surveying and holding several workshops and seminars.

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Comparative analysis of local budget revenues at Qark level focused on selected Municipalities

The aim of the Project completed in 2010 was to assess the performance of selected municipalities in tax collection and self generating income. The project focused in more detail in the Municipalities of Tirana and Korca, as case studies for comparing and contrasting performances according to a number of benchmarks. The benchmarks were established through analysis of tax collection in 20 municipalities in Albania regarding types of taxes collected and amounts. The task involved organizing several workshops and seminars in Tirana and Korca.

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Survey of primary schools all over Albania under the UNICEF Albania Reads Project

The aim of the UNICEF Albania Reeds Project is to establish libraries in every primary school in Albania including remote areas and covering a total of about 1200 schools. CRD was assigned to conduct a survey in 2009 in order to monitor the implementation of the project and report problems to UNICEF.

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Preparation of Urban Plans and Regulations for the cities of Berat, Lushnja, Korca and Gjirokaster. Land Administration and Management Project of the World Bank (LAMP)

The project of 2 million USD is an element of the municipal land management component of the LAMP whose overarching goal is to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of urban planning and land management. Its main goal is "to enhance urban land management capacities in the selected municipalities (of Berat, Korca, Lushnje and Gjirokaster) through (1) preparation of regulatory plans; and (2) on the job training and preparation of urban planning guidance manuals to enable regular update of the regulatory plans by the municipal staff.

Objectives of the project:
- Develop, introduce and apply practical, market responsive and enforceable local urban planning methods in Albania;
- Cultivate, educate and formulate partnerships among the municipality utilities/infrastructure agencies, developers, land/property owners, the central government and other stakeholders through a process of consultation and participation; and
- Enhance capacity of the planning, development control and land management departments of local governments involved.

The project had an overall duration of 12 months and the work was organized in 8 stages (steps):
- Step 1: Inception Report
- Step 2: SWOT Analysis
- Step 3: City Development Vision and Strategy
- Step 4: Preparation of Municipal Structure Plan
- Step 5: Strategic Infrastructure Investment Plan
- Step 6: Regulatory Plan
- Step 7: Consolidated Municipal Urban Plan
- Step 8: Urban Planning Guidance Manual
CRD was the local partner and manager of the project and its role was to establish local offices in the four project cities, supervise and coordinate activities on ground, organizing public participation seminars and public hearings for four cities and preparation of albanian version and submission of deliverables.

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Monitoring Business Constrains in Manufacturing Sector
(completed in 2008)

Initially CRD was retained by UNDP office Tirana in the framework of the project “Restructuring of Enterprises and Competitiveness Development”. The project, which was developed under supervision of UNIDO office in Tirana, had two major components: [1] preparation of the methodology for conducting business and consumer surveys, and [2] identification of business constrains in manufacturing sector. The first survey was conducted on September 2001, and since then it is made out every three month.

Constrains to businesses are based to the EC recommendations for conducting business surveys in transition economies, as well as to the particularities of Albanian economy. The most important constrains are included in the following list:
- Shortage of labor;
- Lack of appropriate equipment;
- Shortage of raw materials;
- Shortage of energy;
- Lack of infrastructure (e. g. roads, railways);
- Financial problems (namely, insolvency);
- Difficulties in obtaining credit;
- Unclear economics laws (i.e. legislation on tax administration);
- Uncertainty of macro-economic environment;
- Licensing procedures, etc.

Objectives of the project:
- To provide the Government institutions, business association and private entrepreneurs detail and representative information on constrains to industrial development, from the enterprise perspective.
- To sensitise government agencies, financial institutions and business community in Albania about the importance of listening to firms and using this information to critically assess policies.
- To systematically evaluate changes on business constrains and make them comparable with other transition economies.

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Assessment of manufacturing and construction sectors
(completed in 2008)

The first business survey on manufacturing sector was conducted on December 2001 and was financed by UNDP Tirana. Now, CRD conduct quarterly business surveys in manufacturing sector based on a sample size of about 120 companies. The first business survey in construction sector is conducted on April 2002 and Open Society Foundation, Tirana, financed it. The sample size for construction sector is about 150 firms.

The surveys conducted in industry are almost entirely qualitative with two types of questions: those referring to the estimated or predicted direction of change of certain micro variables and those concerning the appraisal of the level of certain others. The results of both manufacturing and construction surveys are presented in the Albanian Business Bulletin, which usually will be published every month.

The survey conducted in manufacturing sector is based on the questions regarding:
- production trends in recent past;
- order-books;
- export order-books;
- selling price expectations;
- employment expectation;
- production capacity, etc.

Objectives of the project:
- To provide to government agencies (mainly to Bank of Albania, Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Economy) business association, financial institution and all professional community with quick and adequate information regarding present and near future expectation for businesses operating in manufacturing and construction sector. It is supposed that government agencies will take immediate measures to reflect economic situation.
- To create the data bank regarding business development in manufacturing and construction in order to estimate confidence indicators for both sectors. Such results will be used also for economic forecasting and business cyclical analysis.

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Investment surveys

Investment surveys are very important because they are based on the role of expectations, an information which cannot be found at the level of the account. The survey collects information on managers’ investment plans, on the purposes of investment and on the factors influencing investment.

The aim of the question regarding factors influencing investment is to help economic policy makers to decide on the best way to promote investment. Firms are requested to state whether each of the following factors has a any kind of effect:
- demand to the capacity utilisation rate and the sale prospects;
- anticipated financial resources or expected profits;
- technical factors;
other factors such as policy changes, taxation etc.

Objectives of the project:
- To provide information about expected investment at a certain point in time.
- To make comparison between statistical data on investment and those resulted by investment surveys.
- To understand where business are investing and quality of their investment (they invest on replacement of machineries or modernisation).
- To understand and explain the business cycle.

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Study of SME impact on Economic Growth in Albania
(completed in October 2002)

Southeast Europe Enterprise Development (SEED) contracted CRD to undertake a study on the SME impact on economic growth in Albania. It included the analysis of both quantitative and qualitative information SME in Albania from 1998 to 2001. CRD collected and processed statistical and business survey data, which have been provided by Institute of Statistics and CRD. Under the terms of this project the CRD team defined a set of frame indicators that showed the relative importance of the SME sector by measuring its contribution to the Albanian economy in the period 1998 to 2001. The study also included the SME performance indicators such as growth and sales over time. This work provided information on the dynamics of the economy vis-à-vis the SME sector and help policymakers develop policy that better support SME development. It is serving as a reference tool for stakeholders (e.g. donor agencies business associations, public institutions) when designing policy interventions targeting SMEs.

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External Support for SMEs and the Role of RDAs
(completed in September 2003)

For establishing a good support for SME it is important to access and understand the SME businesses’ needs. In order to find out the existing support services answer the specific needs of SME, the Chemonics International Inc. (financed by USAID) contracted the CRD, Tirana to carry out the study on “External Support for Micro, Small and Medium size Enterprises in Albania and the Role of Regional Development Agencies”.

The objectives of this study were threefold:
- to analyse the needs of Albanian Micro, Small and Medium’ businesses to knowlidge, promotion content and dilevery of support services (a demand side analysis);
- to provide a detailed assessment of the quality of services provided by Regional Development Agency to the SMEs
- to provide comprihensive information for improvement of the support services avaleibale to Micro, Small and Medium size Enterprises.

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Analysis of Donor Presence in Albania
(completed in July 2003)

The study of donor presence in Albania was prepared at the request of SIDA Stockholm by Mirlinda Rusi. The analysis included pecularities of the most important donors in Alabania, a detailed analysis of donor contribution for the sectors where SIDA is more activily involved in the last 3 years, as well as a short overview of donor presence in two specific geografical areas of Korca and Kukesi. The report was prepared based on information received by direct interviewes with representatives of international organiations and various governement agencies as well as by the review of the documents provided both by governemnt institutions and international organisations.

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Public Budgeting Watchdog in Albania
(completed in October 2003)

This projected was commisioned by Management Systems International/USAID and aimed to monitor and analyze the process by which the national budget is planned, developed and expended to assess if there are any inconsistencies, misconduct, or abuse by public officials. If wrongdoing or inconsistencies are identified and adequate explanations are not available, release the facts to the public.

Tasks:
Develop indicators to measure if the budget planning and development process is conducted according to rules and standards established in law.
- Analyze trends in budget allocation by sector to assess if they are consistent with government policies and goals or if there is systematic bias in how government funds are allocated. Compare budget allocation in Albania with similar data from other countries of similar size, population and level of development.
- Analyze data on budget expenditures to assess whether there were major divergences from the budget plan.
- In any of the above analyses, if any misconduct or unexplained results are detected, document it and report the findings to the appropriate government office for an explanation. If an explanation is not provided or it is not satisfactory, release the information to the public.

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Fostering Private Sector Development: Assessing Business Constrains and the Impact of Informal Activity to Service Sector
(completed in September 2003)

This study was financed by Partners, Albania/USAID and was based on the hypothesis that private sector development is a prerequisite for creating condition that lead to poverty reduction and conflict prevention. In this groung good interventions are required to create sound macro-economic conditions as well as institutional and legal framework able to support economic development. But effective policies can be disigned only if a thorough knowledge about present business situation, constrains and other general factors limiting particularly small businesses to grow exist. The best way to achieve such objective is through a process of monitoring and surveying businesses in the field.

This study aimed to fill the gap of information regarding present development in service sector and in particular in retail and wholesale trade sectors, as well as in financial sector. In doing so, it make use of all available information published by Institute of Statistiscs, and business surveys conducted by CRD in the frame of this project.

The analysis of various factors that limit busimesses in trade and financial services is based on direct interviews conducted in the main urban centers in Albania, including Tirana, Durresi, Vlora, Shkodra, Elbasani and Fieri. Both statistical and business survey information are presented within a set of indicators, which are estimated on methodology developed by OECD and European Commission in the frame of EU harmonised programme.

The outcome of this study will be in great use not only for information provided for development within service sector, but also as a methodological tool for further research in other sectors of the economy. We hope that the study will serve the needs of public insitutions and in particular to Bank of Albania, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economy, other research centers and universities, as well as business associations

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Integration of Youth in Labour Market: Obstacles and Difficulties
(completed in June 2003)

This project was financed by Open Society Foundation, Tirana (Soros Foundation) and aimed to make an detailed and real analysis of problems that Yougth (between the age of 18-28 years old) are facing today to be integrated in labour market. More precisely, it analysed the prospects and the needs that the Yought have today when they are both employed and unemployed, as well as obstacles they are facing for enetring in labour market. The survey included about 1000 respondents and was conducted in main urban areas such as Tirana, Durrës, Shkodër, Elbasan, Fier and Vlorë. The analysis was based on assessment of the following indicators:

For employed people:
- working hours
wage analysis
labour mobility
working in shifts, w/e and hollidays

For unemployed people:
- timing
- ways for looking for a job
- qualification
- labour mobility

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Preparing the first SME-s annual report as a publication
(completed in September 2004)
Raiffeisen Bank

This report, which is the first one in the series of the such publications, brings evidence about the actual situation of these enterprises on the basis of the performance indicators according to the European standards and, at the same time, convey a detailed information for further particular analyses in the field of SME policy design and implementation.
In this report ,you will find quantitative indicators based on INSTAT as well as qualitative ones resulted from the business survey produced by private economic institute CRD/Tirana. The conclusions of this report, which result from the facing the indicators with the program support systems of the government, could open new horizon and extend new ambitious goals for an European vision of the SME-s in Albania.
With a high emphasis on the importance of the SME-s in the social and economic development of Albania, this project literally develops an evaluation and monitoring system in the frame of intensifying and deepening the legislative and institutional reforms in support of private sector in
general and SME-s in particular.
Since the SME-s became the dominant majority of the private sector, it is quite understandable to conceptualize a multi-dimensional support in the development philosophy of this sector. The development of SME-s is a principle element in creating a sustainable economic development, poverty reduction, and smoothing social problems bringing an equal income distribution and employment growth. The implementation of EU Charter for Small business makes an important agreement in the agenda of EU for western Balkan and in this regard also for our country.
The principles of EU Charter for Small business in relation to the SME legislation and regulatory framework improvement, a better tax and financial system, reduction of the start-up cost, upgrading the training system for entrepreneurship development, improvement of e commerce.

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Assessment of public opinion on education reform
(completed in December 2004)
OSFA

The aim of the project is to give an overview through the transparency indicators for high education present situation, helping on improvement of the behaviour of professors and their supporting staff, as well as analysing the scientific level of Albanian universities .
The other important part of the project is measuring the public participation and involvement in critical transparency issues such are acceptance procedures at universities and general rules applied inside universities .Public debate was targeted through making public results ;conclusions and recommendations.

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Analysis of public revenue trends for 1993 – 2005 as part of transparency promotion to budget planning at National level
(completed in August 2005)
US Embassy (Small Grants Program)

The main aim of the project “The Analysis of Public Revenue Trends over the Years in Albania as part of Transparency Promotion to Budget Planning at National Level” is to develop a full set of indicators that will be able to indicate the trends of public revenues in Albania for past 10 years, efficiency of tax revenues in Albania and comparison of public revenues in Albania with other European countries undergoing similar development as Albania. It will serve to increase the constructive dialogue among Members of Parliament (MPs) at Parliamentary Commissions, as well as, increasing the participation of other stakeholders, i.e. civic groups, business communities and media representatives, into the debate about new tax policy before and during the discussions in the Parliament of budget plan for 2006 fiscal year. Activities of this project could be classified into four categories, (1) Research work for collecting and processing all information regarding budget revenues over the period of past 10 years; (2) Training of Members of Parliament; Discussion of results with business associations and media representatives (4) Publication and dissemination of results.

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Tracking the decentralisation progress on education and increasing the role of NPO in this process
(completed in May 2006)
USAID

This project focuses on decentralization process in primary and secondary education system in Albania. Such important reform has started in Albania in 2001 by the support of World Bank. Decentralization of primary and secondary system is expected to make local authorities responsible for administrative and financial management structures in all territory for primary, secondary education and higher education (with an exemption of professional national schools). Accordingly the Ministry of Education and Science (MES) will primarily be responsible for the quality, control and management of education curricula.
The objective of the project is two folds: to provide information to various stakeholders on the progress of decentralization reform on primary and secondary education level in Albania and secondly to disseminate such information to a particular region and specific interested parties. In this attempt are assessed the capacities that local government administration must possess in order to further take responsibility in the administration of education system. An emphasis that will be given to the role of NPO-s in this process.
The overall project goal is to give a bust in decentralization reform in Albania by increasing the role of NPO-s in the process of budgeting planning and implementation of activities related to primary and secondary education level in the Qarks of Tirana and Vlora.

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Study on utilisation of alternative sources (limestone mountains) for substitution of river inert for construction purposes
(completed in December 2006)
Ministry of Environment / Dutch Government Financing

Aim of this project is to analyse the present situation of the river banks in Albania focused on their industrial uses . The potential damages form misuses through digging without criteria’s aside the rivers. Cost benefits analyses to avoid the damage and to switch the industrialist and constructors from river banks to limestone’s mountains. Project covered all Albanian rivers divided as per geographical definition (north to south) in six catchments water: Drin-Buna, Mati, Ishem-Erzen, Shkumbin, Seman and Vjosa.
The new recommended policies that Ministry of Environment must apply to adjust as soon as possible the present situation in order to reduce actual damages in the river banks and to orient the construction businesses to periphery of limestone mountains in order to use them as alternative source. The implementation of the present EU legislation regarding these issues in Albania, the study offers as well good regional experiences in adjustment and EU implementation. The new measures that should be used in monitoring present catchments water situation and controlling from specific bodies/ governmental authorities.

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SME annual report
(completed in December 2006)
ALBINVEST / Ministry of Economy
Second edition.

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Transparency and analysis of budget expenditures and revenues over the last 10 years in Albania
(completed in January 2008)
US Embassy
(Refer to project no. 11)

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Promoting best practices experience on business and investment policies
(completed in November 2007)
OSCE

The aim of this project is to discuss/ promote the main findings of the ‘Guide’ to various policymakers, representatives of business communities, NGOs and other lobbyists that are interested for improvement of investment and business climate in Albania. Dialogue and discussions about the main findings of the ‘Guide’ is expected to serve as a platform for enhancing the reform undertaken by Albanian Government for reduction of administrative barriers to businesses. Guide is titled ‘Best-Practice Guide for a Positive Business and Investment Climate’ published by OECD.
The Guide gives details analysis regarding factors impeding business and investment climate, such as political and institutional stability, legal and regulatory environment, contractual and property rights and other relevant factors as access to finance, markets, technology etc.
The promotion of the book will be accompanied with 2 workshops from Government of Albania, Parliament, as well as Business representatives through their associations/chambers of Commerce; and foreign Business Associations/Chambers, as well as representatives of foreign investors association (IFC FIAAS, EBRD, and donor community operating in Albania are expected to attend the event.
In addition relevant agencies for investment promotion in the Balkan region, more specifically from Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia and Kosovo are expected to share their experiences with the participants.

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Environmental study of Vjosa Valley as area with a potential impact on future intraregional cooperation
(completed in December 2007)
Ministry of Environment / Dutch Government Financing

This project will offer to the Ministry of Environment, Water and Forest Administration complex evaluation of environmental situation, actual economic situation in the area, future possibilities developments and socio-economic potential activities, specifically for south-eastern part of Albania – Vjosa Valley.
The study examined urban areas such as Permeti region, Tepelena, Berati, Fieri, partially Korça, Vlora and Gjirokastra Districts. Through the environmental assessment of the area we distinguished problems related with infrastructure (national infrastructure, rural infrastructure), demographic problems (migration), environmental problems (land degradation, partially erosion, partially misuse of the river bang and devastation of special species from flora and fauna).
Present economic performance advantages and disadvantages that area represents future possibilities of urban/economic developments as well as cross boarder activities that can bring further development.

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Market Research on Metropolis area Albania in Construction Sector
(completed in August 2008)
Deutsche Bank, London

This project is developed from 2 organizations Colliers International, London, Consultancy Company in Real Estate Market, and Centre for Research and Development. Segmented market research in construction sector in the frame of investment assessment that Deutsch Bank aims to do in Albania. This assessment evaluated the present situation of the construction sector as well the demand that exist for different types of construction that area potential to be developed in Tirana metropolitan. Needs of assessment in luxury and residential areas.

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Producing statistics of Human Development Indexes in Albania for 2007
(completed in May 2008)
UNDP

Producing statistics of human development indices in Albania. Calculation of the Human development Index-HDI; The Gender Development Index-GDI; The Gender Empowerment Index-GEM; The Human Poverty Index-HPI (version 1 and 2)

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Drafting of Chapter V of Human Development Report 2008
(completed in February 2009)
UNDP

Producing statistics of human development indices in Albania according the available relevant data. Presentation of the indices at the national level and the following the pattern of NHDR 2005 at the LSMS regional subdivisions, in order to create a comparable overview where Albania stands in terms of human development compared to the last NHDR in 2005.Calculation of the Human Development Index-HDI; The Gender Development Index-GDI; The Gender Empowerment Index-GEM; The Human Poverty Index-HPI(versions 1 and 2).Preparation of comparative analytical brief how human development has progressed in Albania making reference to the previous NHDR.

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Pre-Elections Polling survey conducted in national level in Albania during pre-election period March – June 2009
(Completed in June 2009)
USAID and British Embassy

The aim of the Project is to establish in Albania specialised polling institutions and to build their capacities for future polling surveys for local and national elections. The other important aim is conducting national surveys in Albania through face to face interweaves with sample designed in proportion of demographic distribution with thousand potential votes. With the assistance of D3 system (American Consultant Company), we prepared the reports and the survey results. This Project is the first one developed in Albania and it gives to our centre the exclusivity/experience of doing such important product for Albania society.

Public presentation for the General Local Plan for the Municipality of Vlora, Himara, Saranda and Konispol

Focusing pre-school education budgets on marginalized children in Municipalities of Tirana, Korça and Shkodra

Promoting participatory governance in the workings of the new Municipial Councils through civil education

Inter-Institutional Group for Environment Crime (IGEC)

External expertise for drafting the Italy-Albania-Montenegro IPA II Cross-border Cooperation Programme 2014-2020

Policy Reporting on Local Government Territorial Administrative Reform and Urban Planning in Albania

Lengarica Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment

Shared Project for Environmental Evaluation with Dynamic governance / SPEEDY

Building capacities for VET training programs under UNDP & ADA-Austria

Support of Municipality of Durresi in preparation of General Local Plan

Increasing Community Participation in Territorial Planning at the local level

Opening of five Youth Employment Offices in Kukes, Shkodra, Fier, Elbasan and Durresi under the YES Project of UNICEF

Strengthening capacities of the National Territorial Planning Agency

Study of Urban Plan of Himara Area and Priorities for Tourism Development

Support of Municipality of Lushnja in preparation of General Local Plan

Enhance stakeholder participation in setting priorities for the efficient distribution of expenditures in the budget

Comparative analysis of local budget revenues at Qark level focused on selected Municipalities

Survey of primary schools all over Albania under the UNICEF Albania Reads Project

Preparation of Urban Plans and Regulations for the cities of Berat, Lushnja, Korca and Gjirokaster

Monitoring Business Constrains in Manufacturing Sector

Assessment of manufacturing and construction sectors

Investment surveys

Study of SME impact on Economic Growth in Albania

External Support for SMEs and the Role of RDAs

Analysis of Donor Presence in Albania

Public Budgeting Watchdog in Albania

Fostering Private Sector Development: Assessing Business Constrains and the Impact of Informal Activity to Service Sector

Integration of Youth in Labour Market: Obstacles and Difficulties

Preparing the first SME-s annual report as a publication

Assessment of public opinion on education reform

Analysis of public revenue trends for 1993 – 2005 as part of transparency promotion to budget planning at National level

Tracking the decentralisation progress on education and increasing the role of NPO in this process

Study on utilisation of alternative sources (limestone mountains) for substitution of river inert for construction purposes

SME annual report

Transparency and analysis of budget expenditures and revenues over the last 10 years in Albania

Promoting best practices experience on business and investment policies

Environmental study of Vjosa Valley as area with a potential impact on future intraregional cooperation

Market Research on Metropolis area Albania in Construction Sector

Producing statistics of Human Development Indexes in Albania for 2007

Drafting of Chapter V of Human Development Report 2008

Pre-Elections Polling survey conducted in national level in Albania during pre-election period March – June 2009

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